Weight loss during pregnancy is not permitted. If you are overweight, weight control, exercise and a sensible diet are suggested, not a strict diet. Lack of the right amount of vitamins or minerals can cause heart disease, growth problems and learning difficulties in the child in the future.
Attempts to lose weight, to lose weight during pregnancy and a sudden change of diet do not improve the condition of the body. Panic desire not to gain weight for 9 months, or otherwise – fear of gaining weight during pregnancy, requires consultation with a specialist (psychologist). Losing weight during pregnancy is unhealthy and not recommended for the mother and the child.
Is it okay to lose weight during pregnancy?
No. No doctor will support a mother-to-be losing weight during pregnancy. Switching to a diet, such as a reduction or elimination diet, may result in nutrient deficiency. During pregnancy, you don’t have to change your eating habits drastically – it’s worth putting aside unhealthy snacks and highly processed foods, giving up sugar, and replacing it with natural sweeteners. A healthy diet will help you to lose the weight gained during pregnancy more quickly.
You should also keep in mind that the diet of a pregnant woman should be rich in minerals and vitamins. An important aspect is also to drink a lot of water (2 to 3 l per day). Losing weight during pregnancy is even… impossible. The body’s internal processes change so much that a woman wants to snack between meals because of the frequent fluctuations of the sugar level in the body.
Is weight loss during pregnancy harmful to the baby?
Yes, in the near and distant future, weight loss during pregnancy affects the development of the child. Malnutrition in a pregnant woman can lead to many deficiencies, including iron deficiency and anemia, common even in women who try to maintain a well-balanced menu. Anemia during pregnancy can lead to fetal abnormalities, premature birth, and low birth weight babies.
Lack of the right amount of vitamins or minerals can cause the child to develop heart disease, growth problems, learning difficulties, concentration problems, etc.
Overweight and obesity and pregnancy
Many women who become pregnant while overweight or obese may find it difficult to function on a daily basis once their abdomen begins to grow significantly. This raises many health issues, but with such a problem, it is worth going to a specialized dietitian who will not recommend weight loss but will compose a valuable menu, through which you can control weight gain during pregnancy.
Meticulous testing is also required for gestational diabetes (a blood glucose load test is performed during its duration) and for hypertension during pregnancy. Remember that obesity is diagnosed as a disease and should not be underestimated.
How much weight can you gain during pregnancy?
It is considered normal for a pregnant woman to gain between 9 and 13 kg, which is a healthy weight gain. However, due to genetic conditions, eating habits, multiple pregnancies or lack of exercise during pregnancy, a pregnant woman can gain up to 25 kg.
Many expectant mothers do not gain weight in the first few weeks of pregnancy, but even lose weight and begin to gain weight around the 20th week of pregnancy. In the second trimester of pregnancy, the weight gain is 4 to 6 kg, in the third trimester 4 to 7 kg. Throughout the pregnancy, the pregnant woman will gain about 11 to 15 kg. The norms of weight gain during pregnancy for obese and overweight women are determined by the doctor – each time it is individual cases, needs, and medical history.
If you are concerned about gaining weight too quickly, consult your doctor and make sure you exercise during pregnancy without straining your spine and abdominal muscles.
Fear of getting fat or already pregorexia
Pregorexia is a disease that follows a similar pattern as anorexia. Mothers-to-be start to panic control their weight, starve themselves, provoke vomiting, use laxatives and do excessive sports.
Pregorexia has a psychological cause for the woman, but its effects are felt by the child – drastic dieting can lead to fetal hypotrophy, premature birth, miscarriage. Pregorexic children are poor learners, have motor problems, sometimes require a neurologist’s help and therapy for SI disorders.